Olympos forms part of the Olympos - Bey daglari National Park situated on Turkey's southern coastline in the province of Antalya. Nestled under the western fingers of the Taurus Mountains, snow clad peaks (winter) give way to cedar and pine forest sweeping down to the turquoise waters of the Mediterranean Sea Olympos is under conservation laws protecting the area from the development of mass tourism, making it unique as a natural paradise for everyone to enjoy. The environment is home to many indigenous plants and an abundance of wildlife.
The last conqueror of the ancient city was, and still is the nature that can be seen today.
To walk around the ruins is a wondrous exploration where ancient civilizations mingle with the aromatic smells of the bay and pine trees. The spectacular beach is not just home to many a sun worshipper, during dreamy summer nights the loggerhead turtle returns to her natal beach to nest before returning to her graceful undersea world. ENJOY, RESPECT AND LOOK AFTER NATURES GARDEN…
History Of Olympos
Olympos is believed to be a pre-Greek word for 'mountain'; over 20 peaks bore the name and in many cases gave it the adjacent town or city. The most famous is the Thessalian peak in North East Greece, home of the Greek gods. The ancient city therefore takes its name from Tahtali dag (wooden mountain) an ancient Mt. Olympos situated 10 km to the north, with the eternal flames still burning in it's foothills.
Olympos was one of the main cities in the ancient region of Lycia, forming part of the Lycian confederacy. The foundations of the city date back to the early Hellenistic period (circa 300 BC). Alexandra the Great wintered in Phaselis, a neighbouring city in the early stages of his conquest of the ancient world.
Olympos was first mentioned in historical records in 78 BC when the Roman Governor in Cilcilia, Servilius Vatia defeated the chief pirate Zenicetes in a naval battle. Zenicetes had made Olympos his stronghold terrorizing the coastline from the hidden havens of Porto Cenoviz and Sazak. The city was then declared 'ager publicus'. Roman property to be given sold or leased to private individuals.
It was said the pirates used to make strange sacrifices and celebrate secret rites to the cult of Mithras. Mithras was the Persian god of pure spirit and light in the system of Zoroaster, which became immensely popular throughout the eastern world.
In 43 AD Lycia was brought into the Roman Empire and festivals were held in honour of the god Hephaistos, the principal deity of the city. Emperor Hadrian also visited the city in 130 AD.